Yellow Dock or Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) This native of Europe is found along roadsides, fields, and waste ground throughout U.S. and southern Canada (Gleason and Cronquist, 1996). Yellow dock is so beautiful in the fall landscape. We have quite of few dock species, many of them preferring wet soil. When you dig up this plant, you find a long golden color tap root. This plant spread by reseeding itself. Normally, yellow dock grows and flourishes on odd places like abandoned lands, along the roads and even in ditches and trenches. Each year, these plants must be cleared away from areas where livestock and other animals can reach them. There is a certain plant used for dyes that is closely related to the curly dock that the Zuni used for dyes, but it's name in Zuni meant paint. Yellow dock has the “crisp” leaves with curly edges. To make the ointment, which is used for itching and swollen glands, the root is boiled in vinegar; the pulp is then mixed with an agent such as lard. Cultivation: Curly Dock occurs at sites with full sun, moist to dry conditions, and soil containing loam, clay-loam, or gravelly material. Rumex crispus, curly dock or curled dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae.. Its leaves may be eaten as part of a salad dish, but its roots are the ones with medicinal value. 2 large handfuls of young curly dock leaves 1 T salt(5ml) 1 clean quart-sized Mason jar. Last updated on Aug 24, 2020. Curly Dock has characteristics of being sour, and somewhat astringent. Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. Leaf blades are 6 to 8 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. Add salt to roughly 3 cups of water and pour over curly dock leaves, leaving at least 1 inch of headspace in the jar. Yellow Dock. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. It is easy to spot and identify in the second year of growth. Herb: Curled Dock Latin name: Rumex crispus Synonyms: Rumex elongatus Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Curled Dock: Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. Scientific Name(s): Rumex crispus L. Common Name(s): Curled dock, Curly dock, Narrow dock, Rumex, Sour dock, Yellow dock Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Take a clean quart sized canning jar and place rolled leaves into jar. The most successful methods of controlling curly dock are mowing it down regularly, where applicable, and the regular use of herbicides. Curly dock is found throughout the United states. Because the root is exceptionally long, the plant is difficult to remove. The flower grows 2 to 3 feet in height and appears from April to July. They can lay dormant for up to 50 years. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. Root is a yellow man shaped, pointing down, that helps downward movement in digestive tract. Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Most fields, waste places, roadsides, and weedy yards are good locations to find yellow dock (aka ~ curly dock, sour dock, narrow dock, garden patience and curled dock. Yellow dock root is a shrub that originally grew only in Europe and Asia but has spread to North America. Description. It propagates from seed. Also called yellow dock, the yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. This plant is poisonous to goats and sheep therefore using them as a weed removal system isn’t the best idea. )… Yellow dock is more wide-ranging. Curly dock is a cross-pollinated species that exhibits great variation in morphology and physiological characteristics. The yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. Habitat: Yellow dock is indigenous to Europe and parts of Africa, but like many medicinal herbs it has been carried beyond its native borders by travelers. (The roots, not the foliage. The herb, properly known as Rumex crispus, supports detoxification from a few angles.First off, yellow dock root stimulates bile production, which helps digestion, particularly of fats. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation. It is now found in most places including the United States and southern Canada. Curly dock establishes from seeds only at open, disturbed sites; it does not tolerate competition or tillage. PubMed: Rumex L. species induce apoptosis in 1301, EOL-1 and H-9 cell lines. Broad Leaf Dock. Other Common Names: Chin-ch’iao-mai, curled dock, curly dock, garden patience, narrow dock, parell, patience herb, sour dock. Herb – Curly Dock – Yellow Dock Root – Rumex crispus . Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial weed with a thick taproot.Leaves grow mostly at the base of the plant and are lance-shaped with wavy or curly margins. This perennial herb, which is often considered to be a weed, grows wild in many areas of North America. Broad leaf dock is similar to curly dock in its growth habit (taproot, mucilaginous) but its leaves lack the highly wavy margin of curly dock. The attribute 'crispus' means curled, which alludes to the curly and wavy leaves of this species, as does the common name 'curled dock'. The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. Any part of the root that is left in the soil will only produce new plants. The flowers are long green spikes which turn reddish brown on maturity. Curly Dock root is used to tonify the gall bladder and liver. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. What is yellow dock? 1. Yellow dock is generally cultivated Wild. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Roadside weeds are typically sprayed with herbicides and should be avoided. The root and fruits are used as medicine. For information about preparing curly dock root for potential medicinal uses, check out How to Harvest, Prepare, and Use Yellow Dock Root Medicinally by Survival Sherpa. We're talking about the Rumex with long taproots, such as Rumex crispus, commonly called curly dock, and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad-leaved dock. Curly Dock root is used to condition the gall bladder and liver. It may be found growing in abundance in waste places, roadsides or even dumps and ditches. However, both plants have in the past been called 'yellow dock' from the color of the roots, which even William Cook notes are practically indistinguishable from each other. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Leaves are variable in shape, the lower leaves, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1.5 to 30 centimeters long, the upper leaves narrowly oblong or lanceolate, 8 to 16 centimeters long, with either sharp or obtuse apex, and rounded at the base. ROUND-LEAVED DOCK Botanical: Rumex obtusifolius---Synonyms---Common Wayside Dock.Butter Dock. Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. Preserving Curly Dock Leaves. It’s a cleansing laxative. ---Description---It is a large and spreading plant, its stout stems 2 to 3 feet high, the leaves 6 to 12 inches long, with rather slender foot-stalks, the margins waved and the end or apex of the leaf rounded.The flowers are small, green and numerous, arranged in whorled spikes at the ends of the stem. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The Latin name Rumex crispus was given by Linnaeus and appears to be the only name used in modern literature. Curly dock leaves, blanched and ready for the freezer. The roots of yellow dock exert a laxative effect; however, research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of yellow dock to treat any condition. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. Botanical Name: Rumex crispus. The flower of curly dock is almost never found in mowed turf situations. The root system consists of a stout taproot that has a pale yellow interior. You also cannot employ animals to graze on curly dock as a control because of the plant’s toxicity to livestock. Medical studies have shown that yellow dock root is also a liver stimulator, aiding in cleansing the blood. Curly dock comes back each year, both from the few seeds that drop close by, before they are carried away by the wind, and also from their root system. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Direct application of curly dock (Rumex crispus) will give a yellow coloration. Curly dock is a tall plant that has broad green leaves that curl along the edges. from the June 23, 2013 Newsletter issued from the Frio Canyon Nature Education Center in the valley of the Dry Frio River in northern Uvalde County, southwestern Texas, on the southern border of the Edwards Plateau, USA Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. It withstands drought, temporary flooding, and occasional mowing. Perhaps just another word for dye and perhaps it had a use as a "paint" that was not documented. Gastrointestinal problems Curly Dock is distinguished by its curly leaf margins, its long leaf petioles, and the reddish spots developing as the leaves age. A curly dock plant produces around 40,000 seeds per year. Yellow dock is prepared for medicinal use as a syrup, a tincture, or an ointment. Learn all about it's medicinal benefits from Brigitte Mars, David Winston and Matthew Wood. PubMed:Carbohydrase inhibition and anti-cancerous and free radical scavenging properties along with DNA and protein protection ability of methanolic root extracts of Rumex crispus. Due to the lack of viable seed in turf areas, curly dock spreads by root fragments. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. Yellow dock may also be made into capsules or tea. Besides being beneficial, the overuse or prolonged use of yellow dock root may also cause certain side effects. Yellow dock herbs have been used for centuries, valued for their medicinal and nutritional qualities. Curly dock is a variable species that hybridizes with other dock species. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. The root is additionally bitter. The genus name 'Rumex' refers to a noun meaning acid. 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